When a bone breaks or cracks, the injury is called a fracture (FIGURE 1, FIGURE 2). Lower jaw (mandibular) fractures are the third most common type of facial fractures, after fractures of the nose and cheekbone. Mandibular fractures can be caused by many different types of injuries to the lower face.
- An accidental fall, especially in older patients
- A fall from a motorcycle, bicycle, scooter or skateboard
- A fall or collision during contact sports
- A punch to the jaw
- A motor vehicle crash
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The Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is published by the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons to present to the dental and medical communities comprehensive coverage of new techniques, important developments and innovative ideas in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Practice-applicable articles help develop the methods used to handle dentoalveolar surgery, facial injuries and deformities, TMJ disorders, oral and head and neck cancer, jaw reconstruction, anesthesia and analgesia. The journal also includes specifics on new instruments and diagnostic equipment, and modern therapeutic drugs and devices.